Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are seeds that belong to the Fabaceae family, generally known as pea, bean, or legume, and are closely related to other plants such as soybean, broad bean, pea, chickpeas, alfalfa, peanut, carob, licorice, bush clover, almendron, and so on. They are leguminous plants with pod-borne seeds, except for peanuts, lentils, lupins, and a few other kinds of legumes. Beans serve as a vegetable in meals for both animals and humans. They are also used in various traditional cuisines all over the world and can be prepared in different methods, such as frying, boiling, and baking. Beans are high in protein and include small amounts of thiamin, iron, and riboflavin. In many areas of the world, beans represent the main food crop and are particularly important as a source of high-quality, minimal protein and nutrients for people. Numerous kinds of beans have a high economic value, and various local variations have been generated among which are soybean, common bean, lima bean, broad bean, garbanzo bean, and other kinds like cowpea. Because of their nutritional constitution, beans can boost long-term health and diet quality when consumed frequently.
Beans are an excellent source of amino acids, which are utilized in the repair and production of new tissues like muscle, skin, hair, blood, and bone. Protein is a crucial nutrient found in beans. Beans also contain a considerable amount of selenium, vitamin B, manganese, vitamin K, copper, vitamin E, fiber, and zinc. They are low in fat and calories and are packed with healthy nutrients and minerals, making them a good option to include in a regular diet.
Can Rats Eat Beans?
Supports Weight Loss
Beans are one of the foods that can help rats lose weight. They are relatively low in calories and rich in fiber and, protein. Fiber and protein are two of the most crucial nutrients for weight loss. A study showed that consuming beans can enhance nutrition and decrease belly fat, and body weight. Beans can also help rats feel full longer and help support weight loss as a result of their rich protein and fiber content.
Decreases Cholesterol Levels
Bean is a legume that can help decrease cholesterol levels in many ways. The presence of soluble and insoluble fibers aids the development and growth of good gut bacteria in the intestine while helping to decrease the absorption of cholesterol in the gut.
Minimizes Blood Pressure
Beans are particularly high in nutrients and minerals that may help minimize blood pressure, like potassium, fiber, and magnesium. Several studies have linked beans to minimizing blood pressure.
Production of Red Blood Cells
Beans are one of the many foods that can help enhance the production of red blood cells. Beans contain iron, a significant substance of hemoglobin. Beans also contain other essential nutrients such as folate. Folate is also a crucial nutrient required for improving hemoglobin levels.
Boosts Heart Health
Heart disease is a primary cause of death in rats. The consumption of beans and other legumes may help to boost heart health. Including beans in your rat’s diet can help eliminate LDL “bad” cholesterol, an essential factor for heart disease, according to an analysis of 26 research.
Beans can also help to decrease other factors that can cause heart disease. This legume has been connected to minimized blood pressure and inflammation, including increased levels of HDL "good" cholesterol. Alternatively, beans are also beneficial to the heart by replacing other foods that are not healthy for the heart, such as foods rich in saturated fats like meat, or foods with a high sugar content like white bread.
Fights against Free Radicals
Polyphenols are a class of antioxidants that are abundant in beans. Antioxidants are used to fight against free radicals. Free radicals are harmful molecules the body generates during metabolism and other activities. Free radicals can damage the cells, which can lead to several diseases such as diabetes, and heart disease. The presence of polyphenols in beans can help fight against free radicals and prevent cell damage.
Minimizes Blood Sugar Level
Even though beans contain carbohydrates, they are low in sugar content and can not cause any increase in blood sugar levels. Beans are a complex carbohydrate, and this sort of carbohydrate is absorbed by the body more carefully than other kinds, which helps to maintain the consistency of blood sugar levels.
Lowers the Risk of Cancer
Micro-organisms in the large intestine transform beans high in fiber and resistant starch into a thin chain of fatty acids like butyrate. This acid provides some functions that can help lower the risk of cancer, including encouraging the development of purification enzymes and decreasing the growth of cancer cells. Based on some research, beans are anti-inflammatory and work as an antioxidant. These factors might also lower the risk of cancer.
According to 2015 research, beans may provide antioxidant effects that can reduce the risk of bowel cancer.
Reduces Inflammation in Rats
The presence of anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants, fiber, including protein may help reduce inflammation in rats. Beans also contain magnesium, a nutrient that has been recognized to help combat inflammation.
Improves Gut Health
Beans provide prebiotics, a kind of fiber that supports the good bacteria in the gut. The good bacteria in the gut can have a good influence on rats’ digestive health, and their general health by enhancing the immune system, minimizing obesity, and alleviating other chronic health problems.
Enhances Liver Health
Beans are good alternative to foods with proteins that are richer in fat content for enhancing liver health. Beans can also reduce the risk of fatty liver disease in rats. Fatty liver is a result of when fat build-up in the liver. It can occur with metabolic syndrome conditions such as obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and many others.
Weight loss, decreasing blood levels of fats, such as bad cholesterol, and blood sugar management are core elements of managing fatty liver disease.
Beans are incredibly nutritious, providing at least a small amount of nearly every nutrient rat might require. The most common side effects of feeding beans to rats are mainly digestive discomfort and gas. Even though they are not harmful, rats can still find them painful and uncomfortable. Therefore, it is better to give rats beans cautiously to give their body time to adapt.
Pet rats should only be fed cooked beans. The poisonous substances present in raw beans would have lesser impact when cooked. In addition to the harmful substance in dried beans, rats may find it hard to eat dried beans because their teeth are not powerful enough to crush dried beans.