Can Rats Eat Bread?

Can Rats Eat Bread?

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Bread is a dough made from flour (mostly wheat) and water, generally by baking. Bread has played an essential role in many societies’ diets across history and the entire globe. 

Pet rats are easy to feed. They are not that picky, their food is also easy to obtain, and there are numerous healthy foods to add to their diet. Pet rats enjoy trying new things and are always ready to accept anything they feel they can stomach. 

Can Rats Eat Bread?

Yes, rats can eat bread. Bread is safe for rats to consume but it should not be a crucial part of their diet. Whole wheat bread is safer for rats compared to white bread as it contains more fiber and nutrients. Bread should be given to rats in moderation to avoid weight gain. Bread should also be fed in tiny pieces to avoid any choking hazards. 

Promotes Bone Health


Bread is fortified with calcium. Calcium is a component of the bone. The growth and development of rats' bones are greatly supported by the calcium present in the bread. Calcium also contributes to bone density and the maintenance of healthy bones. 

Helps with Weight Management

Bread contains dietary fiber, which acts as a bulking agent in rats' digestive systems. Dietary fiber is often recognized as an essential component that helps with weight management. 

Promotes Healthy Skin

Bread also contains vitamin B. Vitamin B is a nutrient in bread that helps promotes skin moisture and also offers relief from rashes. 

Improves Eye Health

Bread contains vitamin E, a nutrient that can help improve your rat’s vision. The presence of vitamin E in bread can also help to minimize the risk of cataracts and fight against age-related eye problems such as macular degeneration in rats. 

Reduces Inflammation in Rats

Bread also has anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of selenium. Selenium is an antioxidant that can help reduce inflammation thereby enhancing rats’ immunity. 

Improves Dental Health

Bread contains natural minerals that can help improve your rat's dental health. The presence of calcium in bread helps to keep rats’ teeth in place and maintains a hard structure during development. 

Promotes a Healthy Immune System

Bread, especially whole wheat bread, contains selenium, an antioxidant that can help boost rats' immune systems.

Fights against Oxidative Stress

Feeding your rat bread, which contains antioxidants such as selenium, can help eliminate free radicals caused by oxidative stress. 

Reduces the Risk of Cancer

Bread, especially whole wheat bread is a whole grain, and whole grains have anti-cancer properties. Bread is therefore a meal that can help reduce the risk of cancer in rats. 

Good for Pregnant Rats

Bread is good for pregnant rats due to the presence of lysine, an amino acid that can help with weight control in pregnant rats. Bread can be fed to pregnant rats but it should be fed in small amounts and on rare occasions. 

Helps with Wound Healing

Bread is high in arginine, an essential amino acid that can help make rats’ wounds heal faster. 

Regulates Blood Pressure

Arginine is an essential amino acid abundant in bread. Arginine is an antecedent for the mixture of nitric oxide (NO), making it essential for minimizing blood pressure. Nitric oxide helps to enhance blood flow and reduce blood pressure.

Maintains Blood Sugar

Bread is low in calories and sugar, which can help to maintain blood sugar and prevent a spike in your rat’s blood sugar. It can also help to reduce the risk of diabetes in rats due to its low sugar content and the presence of dietary fiber. 

Reduces the Risk of Stroke in Rats

Bread, specifically wheat bread can also help to reduce the risk of stroke in rats due to the presence of dietary fiber. 

Promotes Heart Health

Bread, especially whole wheat bread also provides dietary fiber that can help promote a healthy heart and lower the risk of heart diseases in rats. 

Reduces Cholesterol Levels

Bread is rich in dietary fiber, which can help to actively reduce cholesterol levels. 

White and Whole Wheat Bread


The fact that white bread is made from refined grains is the main distinction between white bread and whole wheat bread. Certain grain elements are eradicated during the procedures of refining the grains. An essential amount of fiber and various nutrients are lost during this procedure. 

Whole wheat has considerably higher levers of fiber, manganese, and selenium. Alternatively, it contains less salt, which is more beneficial because rats do not require a lot of sodium and their standard diets may already contain more sodium than is necessary. Because of these factors, whole wheat bread is healthier for your rat than white bread.   

Bottom Line

Rats may eat bread without harm, but you still need to be careful not to overfeed your rat. Bread is low in calories, making it a great option for rats’ weight control. You should ensure to only give your rat a small portion of bread on rare occasions. Since they are little creatures, rats consider a slice of bread to be an enormous amount of food. Before giving it to them, you should ensure to remove any form of butter from it. Bread should be fed in small amounts to prevent choking and any form of gastrointestinal issues or other health problems. 

Never mind about scrapping off the crust either. Rats can effortlessly eat the crust as a result of their strong teeth. Bread is a calorie-dense delicacy and it will only become an even greater calorie blast because butter is also high in calories. 


Alternatively, you should ensure that your rat consumes a varied diet that primarily consists of fruits, vegetables, and pellets. Although it can be served as a treat, bread should never contain a large part of your rat's diet.  Bread can also be made softer and more edible for rats when immersed in milk or water, which can help to avoid any possible health issues and maintain your rat’s health. You should rather start with a tiny amount of bread when bringing it into your rat’s diet and pay close attention to how it responds. 

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