Can Horses Eat Rice

Can Horses Eat Rice

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From Hay to Grain: Can Horses Safely Eat Rice?

Horses have been known to enjoy eating a variety of grains and ingredients, rice being no exception. Rice can provide beneficial nutrients for horses, making it an ideal food source for these four-legged creatures. It’s important to note that even though rice may be a beneficial food source for horses, it should not replace other essential foods such as hay, pasture, and other grains. 

In this article, we will discuss the nutritional benefits of feeding horses rice, the best types of rice to offer horses, how much rice horses should eat, and any necessary safety precautions when feeding them. 

For those looking to add some variety to their horse's diet, rice can be a great choice. As long as the proper precautions are taken and the correct amount is given, feeding horses rice can be a healthy and beneficial supplement.

Can Horses Eat Rice?

Yes, horses can eat rice. Rice is a nutritious and readily available food for horses. Rice can be fed to horses as part of a balanced diet, either in the form of cooked grains, bran, boiled rice, or chaffed and added to the normal feed ration. However, it should not replace other essential foods such as hay, pasture and other grains. Horses should also have access to plenty of clean, fresh water.



Rice is a staple food that has been consumed for thousands of years, and it is the most widely consumed grain in the world. It is a cereal grain that grows in warm and humid regions, and it is a significant dietary source of carbohydrates and nutrients such as vitamins and minerals.

Rice also provides important nutrients such as fibre, protein, vitamins B-1 and B-6, and minerals like calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. Rice is also low in fat and cholesterol, and its starch content helps to keep horses feeling full.

Additionally, because of its long shelf life, rice is a good choice for keeping horses well-fed during long-term storage or travel. 

Different Varieties of Rice for Horses

Different varieties of rice available for horses include wild rice, basmati and jasmine rice, Arborio rice, Brown rice, white rice and some other speciality rice. Each has its unique nutritional benefits such as antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and fibre.

Each type of rice has its unique health benefits for horses. Brown rice contains higher amounts of vitamin E and linoleic acid than white rice, making it a healthier choice for horses with sensitive stomachs or allergies. White rice is a good source of carbohydrates, which provide energy to horses. It also contains some protein, B vitamins, and minerals, although in smaller amounts than brown rice.

Health Benefits of Feeding Rice to Horses

Increased energy levels

Rice is a complex carbohydrate, which is slowly broken down and digested giving a sustained release of energy throughout the day. This helps to keep the horse energised and alert for longer periods.

Improved digestion

Rice is highly digestible, meaning that the horse's body can absorb more nutrients and energy from the food. Rice is also a great source of dietary fibre which helps to keep the digestive system healthy and functioning properly.

Improved immune system

Rice is a source of essential vitamins and minerals, including iron, zinc, B vitamins, selenium, and manganese. These nutrients are important for maintaining a healthy immune system as they help protect against infections and disease. Rice also contains antioxidants which help to fight free radicals and inflammation, which can improve overall immune function.

Healthy coat and skin

Rice is a good source of essential fatty acids such as linoleic acid which are important for proper skin function and to keep the coat glossy.

Improved muscle tone

The complex carbohydrates found in rice are broken down into glucose, which provides the energy needed for the muscles to contract and relax properly. Furthermore, the high amount of selenium found in wild rice can improve muscle metabolism, which helps strengthen the muscles.

Maintained hydration

Rice is made up of around 80% carbohydrates and about 20% water. This combination helps to keep water levels stable in the body and maintain hydration.

How to Feed Rice to Horses: Safety Precautions


Rice should be washed and then cooked until it is fully soft and no longer crunchy. Once the rice is cooked, it should be allowed to cool to room temperature before feeding it to your horse.

Cooked vs Raw rice

The safety of raw rice for horses is a subject of debate. While some research suggests that raw rice is safe for horses, there is also evidence that it can contain harmful bacteria or parasites that can cause digestive problems in horses. Therefore, it is generally recommended to cook rice before feeding it to horses.

Feeding Amount

The specific amount of rice to feed a horse will vary depending on the age and size of the horse. Generally, most horses should be fed about 1-3% of their body weight in total forage (including hay, grass, and grain such as rice) per day. Younger horses or those who are growing will require more, while adult horses and those that are overweight may need less.

Introduce it gradually

Introducing new food to a horse's diet should always be done gradually to minimize the risk of digestive issues. This is especially important when introducing a high-starch food such as rice.

Potential Risks of Feeding Rice to Horses

Nutritional imbalance

If rice is fed as the primary source of calories in a horse's diet, it can lead to nutritional imbalances. Rice is low in nutrients such as calcium and vitamin E. A calcium deficiency can cause bone and joint problems, while a deficiency in vitamin E can cause neurological symptoms.

Impaired digestion

Rice is high in carbohydrates and starches, which can be difficult for horses to digest when overfed. This can lead to an imbalance of gut bacteria and digestive disturbances such as colic or founder.


Overfeeding can cause an imbalance in the horse’s diet, resulting in an excess of carbohydrates, which can increase their risk of developing laminitis, leading to severe pain and difficulty walking.

Weight gain

Overfeeding rice to horses can lead to weight gain. If a horse is fed too much rice it can quickly lead to an unhealthy increase in body weight. Therefore, it is important to monitor a horse’s weight regularly and adjust its calorie intake accordingly.

Mould contamination

If rice is not stored properly, it can become contaminated with mould, which can be toxic to horses. Mouldy rice can cause digestive problems such as colic and diarrhoea.

Final Words

Feeding horses rice can be beneficial for their overall health and well-being. However, it is important to observe safety precautions when it comes to selecting and preparing the food, and carefully monitoring the amount of rice that is given to horses so as not to overfeed them.

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