How To Draw A Penguin

How To Draw A Penguin

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How To Draw A Penguin

Penguins are one of the most beloved and iconic creatures in the animal kingdom. Their unique appearance, waddling walk, and charming personalities have captured the hearts of people all over the world. If you've ever wanted to learn how to draw a penguin, you're in the right place. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of creating your very own penguin drawing. Whether you're an experienced artist or a beginner, follow along, and you'll be amazed at what you can create.

Materials You Will Need

Before we start, let's gather the materials you'll need for this drawing project:

  • Drawing paper: You can use any type of paper, but thicker paper or a sketchbook works well for pencil and pen drawings.

  • Pencils: A range of graphite pencils (H, HB, B, 2B, 4B) to create different shades.

  • Eraser: A good quality eraser to correct mistakes and lighten lines when needed.

  • Sharpener: To keep your pencils sharp for fine details.

  • Pens: Optional, but a black ink pen (like a Micron pen) can be used for outlining and adding details.

  • Reference image: Find a clear image of a penguin to use as a reference while drawing. You can use a picture from the internet or a book, or even print one out.

Sketch the Basic Shapes

To begin drawing a penguin, start by sketching the basic shapes that make up its body. Penguins have a distinctive shape, so it's essential to get the proportions right. Follow these steps

  • Draw an oval for the penguin's body. Make it slightly wider towards the bottom.

  • Add a smaller oval for the penguin's head at the top of the body, slightly to the left.

  • Draw a vertical line down the center of the body and head to help you align the features correctly.

  • Next, add two small circles at the bottom of the body for the feet, which should be positioned close together.

  • Extend two short lines downward from the head for the penguin's neck.

  • Connect the head to the body with a curved line to create the penguin's distinctive beak.

Add the Eyes and Beak

Now, let's work on the penguin's facial features:

  • Draw two oval-shaped eyes on the head, just above the beak and near the center of the head. Penguins have round, expressive eyes.

  • Add small dots inside the eyes to represent the pupils. Leave a small section unshaded for a glistening effect.

  • Refine the beak by adding a small triangular shape at the bottom for the lower beak. The upper beak is smaller and fits snugly against the lower beak.

Create the Wings and Flippers

Penguins have flipper-like wings that they use for swimming. Let's draw them:

  • Draw two small, wing-like shapes on both sides of the body. The wings should begin near the penguin's neck and extend outward.

  • Add a curved line at the end of each wing to represent the flipper. Penguins use these flippers to steer in the water.

Draw the Feet

Penguin feet are webbed, which makes them excellent swimmers. Here's how to draw them:

  • Draw two short, stubby lines extending from the bottom of the body for the penguin's legs.

  • At the end of each leg, draw three toes with small, curved lines. These toes should be webbed.

Outline and Add Details

Now that you have the basic structure of your penguin, it's time to refine the drawing and add some details:

  • Carefully go over your pencil lines with a black pen or a darker pencil, making the outlines bold and distinct. Pay close attention to the eyes, beak, flippers, and feet.

  • Add texture to the body by drawing short, curved lines on the penguin's white belly. This gives the impression of soft, fluffy feathers.

  • To create the classic black and white penguin look, shade the entire body, wings, and flippers with crosshatched lines. Crosshatching involves making a series of diagonal lines in one direction, and then adding another set of diagonal lines in the opposite direction, creating a crosshatch pattern. Make the shading darker on the back and lighter on the front to give depth and dimension to your drawing.

  • Use a darker pencil or a black pen to outline the flippers and wings, as well as to define the webbing between the toes on the feet.

Final Touches

To complete your penguin drawing, add a few finishing touches:

  • Erase any unnecessary pencil lines that may still be visible.

  • Darken the beak, eyes, and pupils for a more defined look.

  • You can also add some small details, like a few lines on the beak to show its texture or some shading under the penguin to create a shadow and make it appear grounded.

Color Your Penguin (Optional)

If you prefer a colored penguin, you can use colored pencils or other coloring materials to bring your drawing to life. Penguins typically have a black back, white belly, and colored patches around their eyes, depending on the species. You can use shades of blue or green for the eyes and orange or yellow for the patches.


Drawing a penguin can be a fun and rewarding experience, whether you're a beginner or an experienced artist. With the right materials and step-by-step guidance, you can create an adorable penguin drawing that you'll be proud of. Remember to take your time, practice, and enjoy the creative process. Penguins are charming creatures, and your drawing can capture their unique and endearing qualities. So, grab your sketchbook and start drawing your own penguin masterpiece today!

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