How To Draw The Sun

How To Draw The Sun

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How To Draw The Sun

The Sun, our life-giving star, has captivated artists and stargazers alike for centuries. Drawing the Sun can be a challenging yet incredibly rewarding artistic endeavor. While it may seem like a simple task, capturing the essence of the Sun's fiery brilliance and celestial beauty on paper requires careful attention to detail, technique, and a deep understanding of its complex structure. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore how to draw the Sun in all its splendor, breaking down the process into manageable steps to help both beginners and seasoned artists alike.

Understanding the Sun

Before we dive into the artistic process, it's crucial to grasp some essential facts about the Sun. The Sun is a massive ball of hot, glowing gas primarily composed of hydrogen and helium. It is about 93 million miles away from Earth and has a diameter approximately 109 times that of our planet. The Sun's surface, known as the photosphere, is a seething cauldron of activity with countless sunspots, solar flares, and prominences. Its fiery radiance is a result of the nuclear fusion occurring at its core, where hydrogen atoms fuse to form helium, releasing immense amounts of energy in the process.

Now that we have a basic understanding of the Sun's characteristics let's embark on the journey of capturing its brilliance on paper.

Materials You'll Need

To create a stunning representation of the Sun, you will need the following materials:

Drawing Paper

Opt for a heavy-weight, acid-free paper that can withstand the use of various drawing tools.


A set of graphite pencils ranging from H (hard) to 6B (soft) will allow you to create varying shades and textures.


Both a kneaded eraser for gentle corrections and a white vinyl eraser for more precise adjustments are essential.

Blending Tools

Tortillons, blending stumps, or even your fingers can be used to blend and smudge pencil strokes.

Pastels (optional)

Soft pastels can be used to add vibrant colors to your Sun drawing, although they are not necessary.

Reference Images

Gather reference images of the Sun, including photos or diagrams, to help you understand its structure and features.

Step-by-Step Guide to Drawing the Sun

Creating the Sun's Circular Base

Begin by lightly sketching a large circle at the center of your paper. This circle represents the Sun's surface, the photosphere. You can use a compass or a round object as a template for a more precise circle. This will be your guideline for the Sun's size.

Adding Sunspots

Sunspots are temporary dark areas on the Sun's surface caused by variations in its magnetic field. These spots provide a dynamic element to your Sun drawing. To create sunspots, sketch irregularly shaped dark circles or ovals on the photosphere. You can use your reference images to get an idea of their size and placement. Remember that sunspots are not always perfectly round, so strive for natural, asymmetrical shapes.

Drawing the Solar Flares

Solar flares are bursts of intense radiation and energy from the Sun's surface. To illustrate them, draw sharp, jagged lines extending from the Sun's photosphere. These lines should emanate outward from the sunspots, giving the impression of intense solar activity. Make the lines thin at their source and gradually wider as they extend outward.

Rendering the Sun's Texture

The Sun's surface has a textured appearance, which can be challenging to replicate. Use a soft pencil (e.g., 2B or 4B) to create fine, stippled marks across the photosphere. These marks should be concentrated around the sunspots and extend outward in irregular patterns. This technique will give your Sun drawing a realistic, granular texture.

Blending and Shading

To create a smooth gradient of light and shadow on the Sun's surface, use a blending tool or your finger to gently blend the stippled marks. Start from the sunspots and work your way outwards. This will soften the texture and create a more realistic look.

Adding Prominences

Prominences are huge, looping arches of hot plasma that extend from the Sun's surface into its outer atmosphere. To draw prominences, use a soft pencil to sketch curved, swirling lines that originate from the photosphere. These lines should be thick at the base and gradually taper as they extend upwards. Add some irregular, wispy details within the prominence to give it a fiery, dynamic appearance.

Coloring the Sun (optional)

If you wish to add color to your Sun drawing, you can use soft pastels to create a vibrant, fiery effect. Apply yellow and orange pastels to the photosphere and prominences, gradually blending them to create a smooth transition. Add a hint of red or pink to the prominences to emphasize their intense heat. Remember that you don't have to use pastels if you prefer a monochromatic drawing.

Final Touches

Once you've added color, if desired, and achieved the desired texture and shading, go back to your drawing with a white vinyl eraser to make subtle highlights on the Sun's surface. This will give your drawing a three-dimensional look and enhance its realism. Pay attention to the edges of the sunspots and the areas around the prominences.

Background and Presentation

Consider the background of your drawing. The Sun often appears in the sky, so you may want to create a gradient background, transitioning from light blue at the top to darker blue or black at the bottom. This will create a celestial setting for your Sun.

Finally, once your drawing is complete, you can sign it and consider framing it for display. Adding a mat and a simple frame can make your artwork look more professional.


Drawing the Sun is a rewarding artistic endeavor that allows you to capture the Sun's beauty and complexity on paper. By following the step-by-step guide in this article and practicing regularly, you can master the art of drawing the Sun and create stunning, realistic representations of our life-giving star. Whether you choose to create a monochromatic graphite drawing or add vibrant colors with pastels, remember that patience and attention to detail are key to achieving a visually striking result. So, gather your materials, prepare your workspace, and embark on this celestial artistic journey to draw the Sun with confidence and creativity.

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